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December 13, 2017 at 1:25 PM


Breastfeeding is the number one choice. Breast milk contains all the nutrients needed for the child’s development. The benefits it provides to the immune system and the proper development of the mouth are recognized.

Dental development

The twenty baby teeth of your child are mainly formed during pregnancy.

At birth, they are therefore partially or completely formed and calcified under the gum

Eruption of teeth

The eruption begins at about six months of age, sometimes before and sometimes a few months later. This step goes unnoticed for some children but for others, it causes some pain, refusal to eat and sometimes fever.

These symptoms may be accompanied by crying, diarrhea, red patches on the face, diaper rash, or runny nose.

During this period, the children salivate profusely and put their fists in their mouths. A teething ring or a wet, cool towel can provide relief.

A slight circular motion on the gum with a small soft-bristled brush may help to stimulate blood circulation and soften the gums.

Finally, if your baby suffers too much, you can give him paracetamol.


The syrups do not have the calming effect expected and they contain sugar.

Gels that numb the gums may be swallowed and cause numbness in the throat or affect swallowing and digestion.

Raw carrots and celery are choking hazards.

Oral hygiene

You can clean the inside of the infant’s mouth with a damp washcloth to remove deposits and bacteria, while delicately massaging the gums.

When the first tooth erupts, brush twice a day with a soft bristle toothbrush and some toothpaste (the size of a grain of rice). Choose a fluoride toothpaste specifically for children.

The toothbrush should be changed as soon as the hair is curled.

As bacteria can lodge on the brush, between the bristles and at the base thereof, the toothbrush become contaminated must also be changed. (Ex: high fever, contagious disease, use by another child, contact with another brush, etc.)


The baby’s diet plays a big role in the formation of his permanent teeth, which are already forming under his gum.

Avoid sugary drinks and limit the amount of juice because they promote an acidic environment, conducive to decay.

If your baby needs to take medicine, it is advisable to rinse his mouth and brush his teeth after eating them because most of them contain a high sugar content.

Thumb sucking

Thumb sucking is normal for babies. However, it must be ensured that this habit ceases gradually before the eruption of permanent teeth, to prevent any deformation of the jaws. Your dental hygienist will guide you and help you find solutions.

First visit to the dental hygienist

At about one year of age, about six months after the eruption of the first tooth, a visit is recommended. You will learn about daily dental care and evaluate your child’s oral health, susceptibility to cavities, and the frequency of subsequent visits.

Early childhood caries

Early childhood caries is defined as caries that affects children under 5 years of age.

It can develop in children including:

teeth are not brushed twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste

the diet is too rich in sugars

a sweet bottle is given for him to fall asleep

family history reveals great susceptibility to decay

Regularly check the appearance of the enamel of your child’s teeth by lifting his lip.

The first signs may be dull enamel or white and chalky spots.

As this type of caries progresses rapidly, a consultation may be necessary.