Mothers to be and women planning pregnancy encounter special conditions when it comes to oral health. Glossing over oral care during this important period may have serious implications for you and your unborn child.
Yes, there are several dental conditions associated with pregnancy; some of them are common, others are less so. Nevertheless, these conditions are preventable by keeping good oral hygiene. For more information, please visit your dentist or your general practitioner.
During pregnancy, your teeth and gums are more susceptible to microorganisms as your body is going through hormonal changes. It is important to take proper care of your teeth – before, during and post pregnancy to maintain and protect oral health in you and your child.
Symptoms may indicate infection in the oral cavity and if left untreated, infection can spread throughout the body during pregnancy. Infection in the oral cavity increases the risk of complications during pregnancy. If you are experiencing toothaches or suffering from bleeding gums, visit your dentist for an examination.
Gingivitis is a common condition that occurs in women during pregnancy; it arises as a result of the action of bacteria in the spaces between the teeth. Diagnosed early, it can be cured in its initial stages.
Gingivitis in pregnant women can manifest itself in a number of symptoms, such as:
- Reddened, swollen, painful gums
- Sensation of loosening of teeth
- Gaps between teeth
- Gum recession
- Unpleasant odour from the mouth
- Discharge of pus from gums
- Changes in the bite
Periodontitis symptoms are
- Gum bleeding
- Inflammation of gums
- Sore gums
- Unpleasant odour from the mouth (halitosis)
- Loosening of teeth
Periodontitis can also occur asymptomatically, even when the gums and the supporting structures of the bone structure fractures there may be no visible symptoms of it.
The development of periodontitis during pregnancy increases the risk of premature birth and lack of weight in the new born. A pregnant woman suffering from periodondal disease should immediately consult a dentist and a general practitioner.
Brush your teeth and floss thrice a day to prevent the accumulation of bacteria between the teeth.
Morning nausea and help with vomiting can be eased with the help of warm water or an antibacterial mouthwash. Baking soda used as a toothpaste, can relieve stomach upsets; despite this, consult a physician before using soda during pregnancy, especially if you have high blood pressure.
Nutrition for healthy gums during pregnancy should contain a sufficient amount of calcium, vitamin B12 and vitamin C.
Pregnant women who take good care of their teeth and gums by regularly visiting your dentist and a therapist are much less likely to face any problems throughout their pregnancy. Health of the oral cavity is closely related to the health of the whole body in general, just as the health of the child directly depends on the health of the mother.
During the second trimester it is important to visit a dentist for hygiene control and professional hygiene care. Dental manipulation at this time should be limited only by the
necessary daily procedures. Restorations and aesthetic procedures should be postponed.
If you are experiencing toothache or suffering from bleeding gums plan a dentist visit as these symptoms may indicate infection in the oral cavity; if left untreated, the infection can spread throughout the body. Infection in the oral cavity increases the risk of complications during pregnancy.
Infection in the gums is the most common form of infection during pregnancy. Less common infections include abscesses on the tops of the roots of the teeth. Such foci of inflammation may require root canal treatment.
Braces treatment is sometimes uncomfortable, this coupled with morning sickness during pregnancy will have a tough time on the mother. A pregnant woman must try the always minimise the discomfort her body is going through both physically and hormonally. Even tooth extraction may not be good for the mother as well as the baby. Braces or no braces, one must be handled with proper oral hygiene. It may be a good idea to hold off on treatment until the baby is born. Surely, one must avoid getting x-rays which is must during orthodontic treatment.
Sore teeth and inflamed gums are the source of infection for the whole body. From the carious cavity microbes can penetrate through the root canal into the blood and even provoke disturbances in the work of internal organs like the heart and kidneys.
In addition, recent studies suggest that premature birth and birth of children with reduced weight may be associated, including with gum disease – infection in the mother’s body can adversely affect the child’s health. Therefore, preventive examinations at the dentist are extremely important for the health of both the child and mother.
A child should visit the dentist within 6 months after the first tooth comes out or by age 1.
- Professional hygiene of the oral cavity.
- Treatment of caries and its complications.
- Treatment of inflammatory diseases of the gums and oral mucosa.
- Removal of teeth and their roots in cases where therapeutic treatment is not possible.
- Limit the use of carbohydrates, sweets – they provoke caries.
- Replace carbonated drinks with water or low-fat milk, and fruit juices with fruits.
- Brush your teeth twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste and use dental floss. Also effective are special pastes with sage, chamomile, mint, which have an anti-inflammatory effect.
- With frequent attacks of nausea and vomiting, chewing gum without sugar or with xylitol, and rinsing the mouth with soda solution after an attack (1 teaspoon of soda to a glass of water) will help you. This will neutralize the negative effect of acids on the enamel.
- So that the diseases of the teeth and gums do not overshadow the most important period in the life of a woman, one should prepare for it beforehand – go to the dentist’s reception, get rid of caries and inflammatory diseases of the gums, and regularly undergo professional hygienic cleaning.